Williamsburg, Virginia

Preliminary Program

(Download Program PDF here)

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Visitation and Workday at Kittiewan, ASV Headquarters.
Visit Kittiewan on Thursday and/or help out with small projects. Contact information and list of projects available soon!

6:00 – 7:30 Registration Desk is open!

Friday Morning, October 25, 2019

Room: Amphitheatre

8:00 – 8:10 ASV President Forrest Morgan

Room: Amphitheatre
Session 1: Topics in Maritime Heritage Moderator: TBD
8:30 – 8:50 Broadwater, John
In search of Virginia’s Maritime Heritage: A New DHR Initiative
8:50 – 9:10 Nusbaum, Charles “Mike”, and William Waldrop
C.S.S. Richmond and the James River Squadron: 1865 to 2019
9:10 – 9:30 Hayes, Robert
Mid-Atlantic Logboat Registry Update
9:30 – 9:50 Tuite, Jim
Teaching Archaeology Underwater
9:50 – 10:10 Hobbs, Kermit
Historical Highlights of the Nansemond River, Virginia
10:10 – 10:30 Burke, Brendan
Explorations of the Nansemond Ghost Fleet

10:30 – 10:40 Break

Session 2: The Archaeology of 17th-century Virginia Moderator: TBD
10:40 – 11:00 Roark, Sierra
Culinary Continuity and Change: Plant Foods and Subsistence Risk Aversion in the Contact Period Piedmont
11:00 – 11:20 Guercin, Richard
The Dutch, the English, Eyreville (44NH0507), and its Place in the World System
11:20 – 11:40 Planto, Rebekah
Before the Brick House and Beyond the Castle: Toward a Critical Archaeology of a Forgotten Historic Site
11:40 – 12:00 Schweickart, Eric
Winner of the 2019 Sandra Speiden Scholarship
The Imperial Implications of Smoking Pipe Residues at the Coan Hall Site in Northumberland County, Virginia

Room: General Lee’s Redoubt and General Grant’s Redoubt (combined)

Session 3: The Archaeology of 19th-century Virginia Moderator: TBD
8:10 – 8:30 Moore, Elizabeth (Virginia Department of Historic Resources)
Consumers, Tanners, and Butchers: Animal Remains from the Great Turning Basin of the James River and Kanawha Canal
8:30 – 8:50 Reynolds, Carol, and James Gloor
Toddsbury Plantation (44GL0264), Building 2: Ongoing Investigation of an Early Gloucester County Historical Site
8:50 – 9:10 Ludlow, Mark Michael
Vivat Sus Scrofa Domesticus & Oh, What a Fire Pit! The Archaeologies of the Extant Smokehouse of c. 1803 on Clermont Farm (1750) (44CK0152), Berryville, Virginia
9:10 – 9:30 Jones, Joe B. and Christopher Shephard
A Possible Example of “Bottle Magic” Identified During Archaeological Investigations of a Confederate Fort Turned Union Encampment on the Williamsburg Line
9:30 – 9:50 O’Neill, Patrick
Hampton Cole’s Land
9:50 – 10:10 Pawelski, Matt, and Chandler Fitzsimons
“An Old House on Union Road”: Archival Research and Troubled Sources in the Recent Past
10:10 – 10:30 Betti, Colleen
Winner of the 2019 Sandra Speiden Scholarship
Beads, Shoes, Desks and Pencils: The Personal and Educational Artifacts from Two Gloucester County, Virginia Schools

10:30 – 10:40 Break

Room: General Lee’s Redoubt and General Grant’s Redoubt (combined)

Session 4: The Archaeology of Custis Square, Williamsburg, Virginia Moderator: TBD
10:40 – 11:00 Gary, Jack
The Archaeological Exploration of Custis Square, Past and Present
11:00 – 11:20 Zimmerman, Emily
Home Remedies with Strange Ingredients: An Exploration of John Custis IV’s Medical Interests
11:20 – 11:40 Lovejoy, Aaron
The Role of GIS in Archaeology at Custis Square, Williamsburg, Virginia
11:40 – 12:00 Veness, Megan
John Custis IV, Williamsburg’s Gentleman Gardener: Recent Excavations at Custis Square

12:00 – 1:00 LUNCH

Friday Afternoon, October 25, 2019

Room: General Lee’s Redoubt and General Grant’s Redoubt (combined)
Session 5: The Archaeology of 18th-century Virginia Moderator: TBD

1:00 – 1:20 Lewis, Sara
STP Artifact Concentration Analysis, the Armistead Site (44YO0025), York County
1:20 – 1:40 Kostro, Mark
Household Archaeology at Williamsburg’s Robert Carter House
1:40 – 2:00 O’Connor, Crystal
Excavations on Monticello’s North Slope 2:00 – 2:20 Sperling, Christopher Excavations at 44FX3789: Data Recovery of a Slave Quarters in Fairfax County
2:20 – 2:40 Higgins, Tom
Piecing Together a Tidewater Town: The Archaeology of Colonial Newtown on the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River, City of Norfolk, Virginia
2:40 – 3:00 Smith, Kirby
An Archaeological Journey through Time

Room: Amphitheatre

Session 6: Archaeological Methods and Historic Preservation Moderator: TBD
1:00 – 1:20 Turner, E. Randolph, III
Archaeological Site Preservation in Virginia: Do We Have a Crisis…or Not?
1:20 – 1:40 Jolley, Robert
An Overview of the Archaeological Survey Program at the Northern Regional Preservation Office (NRPO), Department of Historic Resources (DHR)
1:40 – 2:00 Browning, Lyle
Applied LiDAR for Cultural Resources Analysis 2:00 – 2:20 Kerr, Alexander Developing Historic Preservation Methods: A Case Study of Mount Vernon’s Mansion Furnace
2:20 – 2:40 Mullin, John, Cassandra Mullin, and Madeline Mullin
Bringing Archaeological Sites to the Public – How we Created a Simulated Archaeological Site that Brought Monticello to Richmond

Room: Kearney’s (Bookroom)


1:00 – 3:00 Young, Mary Lawrence
Native Harvesting Practices and the Sustainability of the Chesapeake Oyster Fishery: A York River Study
Council of Virginia Archaeologists Membership Meeting (Eleanor Breen, President)

Friday evening, October 25, 2019

Room: Amphitheatre
Council of Virginia Archaeologists – Public Education Forum
(ASV Members encouraged to attend)

Forum Topic: 1619 and the first arrival of enslaved Africans in Virginia, its ramifications, and engaging with difficult history.

7:00 – 7:10 Introductions and Opening Remarks (Chris Shephard)

7:10 – 7:30 “The Place Where Angela Lived: A Community-Based Arcaheological Exploation of Virginia’s First Africans
L. Charde Reid, The College of William & Mary, and David Givens, The Jamestown Rediscovery Foundation
Abstract: The Jamestown Rediscovery Foundation in cooperation with the National Park Service, Colonial National Historical Park is investigating the life of one of the first African women forcibly brought to English North America in 1619. Archaeologists and heritage professionals at Jamestown are engaging the local descendant African American community in collective knowledge production centered around Angela, one of the first African women that lived at Jamestown in the 1620s. Here, the Angela Site is foregrounding the life and influences of one of the first “invisible” African women to have lived and labored in the colony. The current archaeology project builds on nearly a century of excavations at Historic Jamestowne adding to the complex narrative of colonial entanglements in early Virginia. This paper explores how archaeologists are shedding new light on the narrative of Virginia’s First Africans and complicating Virginians collective memory of the colonial past.

7:30 – 7:50 “The Ship Treasurer’s Africans: A Quest for the Truth”
Martha McCartney, Independent Researcher
Abstract: In 2007, historians John Thornton and Linda Heywood’s seminal work on Virginia’s first Africans was published. They relied upon a secondary source when contending that the Africans aboard the Treasurer did not arrive in Virginia until 1620. More recent research, utilizing primary sources, has corrected this mistaken assumption which until recently was widely accepted.

7:50 – 8:05 “Overview of Fort Monroe Research and Engaging with Difficult History”
Terry Brown, Superintendent of Fort Monroe National Monument

8:05 – 8:30 Roundtable Discussion, Q & A

8:30 – 11:00 COVA Reception – Drink tickets will be issued to those in attendance, with cash bar to follow

Saturday Morning, October 26, 2019
Room: Amphitheatre

Session 7: Prehistoric Archaeology in Virginia Moderator: TBD
8:00 – 8:20 Hranicky, Jack
Clovis Came from Where?
8:20 – 8:40 Nash, Carole
Archaeology Without (Good) Stratigraphy: What we can Learn from Compressed Mountain Sites
8:40 – 9:00 Wertz, Gail W.
Assessing Reliability of Private Lithic Collections as Archaeological Proxy for Demography
9:00 – 9:20 Clark, Wayne
The Migration of the Piscataway and Related Algonquian-Speaking Indians of the Potomac Creek Complex
9:20 – 9:40 Barber, Mike
Making Animal Bone Speak: Prehistoric Bone Tools across Southern Virginia – Chronology, Ceremonialism, Clans, and Material Culture Change
9:40 – 10:00 Triplett, Taylor
Winner of the 2019 Sandra Speiden Scholarship
The Hand Site (44SN0022) Reassessment Project: Preliminary Findings, Future Directions

Room: General Lee’s Redoubt and General Grant’s Redoubt (combined)

Session 8: Hands on Heritage
NOTE: this is a non-traditional session and welcomes one-on-one engagement with the presenters who will have hands-on activities for the length of the presentation period.
Organizers: Bernard Means and Ashley McCuistion

8:00 – 10:00 Castleberry, Crystal
From Discarded to Discovered
8:00 – 10:00 Laura Galke and Elizabeth Moore
The Arks of the Commonwealth
8:00 – 10:00 McCuistion, Ashley (Fairfield Foundation)
Archaeology in the Classroom: K-12 Lesson Plans for Virginia Schools
8:00 – 10:00 Kim, Jane (The Fairfield Foundation)
The Fairfield Model Project: Discovering the Past through a 3D-Printed Archaeological Site and Reconstructed Manor
8:00 – 10:00 Smith, Mason
It’s A-boot Time: A Pair-able in Paint
8:00 – 10:00 Means, Bernard
Teach the Children Well: Object-Based Inquiry and Story Telling using Replicated Artifacts
8:00 – 10:00 Krushelnisky, Milena
Test your Munskills

Room: Amphitheatre
ASV Chapter Presentations

Moderator: ASV President Forrest Morgan

10:00 – 10:10 MacCord
10:10 – 10:20 Nansemond
10:20 – 10:30 Northern Virginia (Patrick O’Neil)
10:30 – 10:40 Eastern Shore
10:40 – 10:50 Historic Triangle Chapter
10:50 – 11:00 Upper James River
11:00 – 11:10 Banshee Reeks
11:10 – 11:20 Massanutten (Cindy Schroer)
11:20 – 11:30 Middle Peninsula (Thane Harpole)
11:30 – 11:40 Maritime Heritage (Lisa Jordan)
11:45 – 1:00 ASV Membership Meeting (Forrest Morgan, President)

Saturday Afternoon, October 26, 2019

Saturday afternoon field trips:
Choose Your Own Adventure! This year, we offer three field trips to locations with either free or reduced admission. These range from Fort Eustis  to Colonial Williamsburg to the Mariners’ Museum’s Monitor Center.

NOTE: The Fort Eustis tour is now FULL.
The staff of the Fort Eustis Archaeology Program will share with visitors what they do and how they manage, protect and preserve over 200 archaeological sites on an active US Air Force installation. There will be site visits to the 18th-century Matthew Jones House, Civil War fortifications, Fort Crafford and The Minor Farm Line, and others. Tour limited to 45 people. Fort Eustis is a limited access post. Participants will provide personal information which includes birthday and driver’s license number to the installation prior to 1 October. Contact Dr. Christopher L. McDaid for more information and the register for the program (757-878-7365;

Colonial Williamsburg’s archaeology program will host an open house event on the Saturday of the ASV conference from 1:00 to 4:00. They will have the Custis collection out on display. The archaeology staff will be on hand as well to talk with folks, show off the materials and the project, and answer questions. For more information…

The Maritime Chapter of the ASV is also offering a guided tour of the Monitor Center at the Mariners’ Museum. The timing of this tour has not been and may be moved to a more convenient time based on interest. For more information contact John Broadwater at

Saturday evening, October 26, 2019

Banquet – General Grant’s Redoubt and General Jackson’s Redoubt (combined room)
6:00 – 7:00 – Cash Bar Reception
7:00 – 10:00 – Banquet, Certification Graduation, & Awards
Banquet Speaker: Dr. Michael B. Barber, RPA (Longwood University)
Twelve Years as State Archaeologist: Lessons to be Learned

As with any job, the job of State Archaeologist was humbling, boring, exhilarating, amazingly satisfying, and downright scary all at once. So, it was not unlike other jobs with the title of ‘archaeologist.’ Prior to becoming SA, I was Forest Archaeologist for the 1.2 million-acre George Washington and Jefferson National Forests. I figured, “What could go wrong.” The miss-steps began before I even started with the state and were obviously a part for the overall job description through time. I would however, like to begin earlier in my life in order to point out some of the baggage one might carry into a position which some confused with having some vague authority. I will summarize the life and times of one State Archaeologist.
Mike Barber was Virginia State Archaeologist from 2006 to 2019. He is currently Senior Archaeologist with DHR as well as a Research Fellow with Longwood University. Prior to working for DHR, Dr. Barber served for 30 years as USDA-Forest Service Archaeologist for the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests in the western part of the Commonwealth. He holds a BA from College of William and Mary, an MA from Kent State University, and a Ph.D. from UVA, all in Anthropology. Barber has published over 100 papers and made over 300 presentations on archaeology. He is a Past–President of Archaeological Society of Virginia, Council of Virginia Archaeologists, and the Middle Atlantic Archaeological Conference and is currently ASV Vice President. His main interests are lithic and ethnozoological studies. He has been involved in one form or another with such sites as Camden, Eyreville, Flowerdew Hundred, Great Neck, Hand, Hatch, Jamestown, Keyser Farm, Maycock, Patawomeke, Shannon, Trigg, Wade, and Werowocomoco as well as others.

Awards: Speiden Scholarship, Student Paper Competition,
and Student Sponsorships

Through the generosity of Mrs. Sandra D. Speiden, each year the Archeological Society of Virginia awards research scholarships to graduate students focusing on Virginia or Middle Atlantic archaeology. In 2019, we had three winners: Colleen Betti, The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Eric Schweickart, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and Taylor Triplett, College of William and Mary. The Sandra D. Speiden Scholarship, which is awarded each year from an endowment established by Mrs. Speiden, is our most prestigious award. Given to a promising student undertaking research into Virginia archaeology, it supports graduate studies.

Since 2017, the Archeological Society of Virginia has offered Annual Meeting Scholarships to cover the cost of registration and banquet for any student who gives a presentation at the meeting. In addition, presenting students will receive a year’s membership in the ASV, which provides them the Quarterly Bulletin and Newsletter. A goal of this initiative is to increase student participation in our organization and offer young archaeologists the opportunity to develop networks among practicing archaeologists.

Scholarships have come from chapters and individuals. We hope that you will consider a donation to support future students at the Annual Meeting! Contact Carl Fischer, ASV Treasurer, for details ( The Annual Meeting scholarship program complements our already established student paper competition awards: Martha and Julian Williams Award for Best Historical Archaeology Paper; Ben C. McCary Award for Best Prehistoric Archaeology Paper; Virginia Museum of Natural History Award for Best Collections-Based Paper, and the award for best poster presentation.

2019 Student Sponsorship Program: Continuing the ASV’s Commitment to Up-and-Coming Archaeologists
We are grateful for those who contributed to the ASV’s Student Sponsorship Fund (see list below). With their donations, they have covered the cost of meeting registration and banquet tickets for student presenters. The ASV is also offering a year’s free membership in the organization. In supporting our student presenters, we are creating pathways to the future for Virginia archaeology.

Please consider donating to this fund for next year’s meeting!

Carole Nash
Wayne Edwards
Linda Jacobs
Massanuten Chapter (x2)
Charlie Grymes
Thomas Karow
Michael Barber
Tony Burke
Carol Reynolds
James Gloor

Sunday morning, October 27, 2019

Room: Amphitheatre
Session 9: Certification Lecture

Lecturer: TBD
10:00 – 11:30 Archaeological Laws and Ethics
Room: Abe Lincoln Board Room
12:00 – 2:00
ASV Board Meeting

Annual Meeting dates:

October 24-27, 2019


The period for on-line registration — meeting and banquet — has ended.  You can still join us for the meeting and register at the door ($30/person).  We do not have additional banquet tickets.”


Fort Magruder Hotel and Conference Center
6945 Pocahontas Trail, Williamsburg, VA 23185

Williamsburg Hotel | Fort Magruder Hotel & Conference Center

Welcome to Fort Magruder Hotel and Conference Center, a historic hotel in Williamsburg, Virginia, with affordable accommodations and a convenient location.

To make your hotel reservation:

By phone:
Call (757) 220-2250
Go to
Enter into Destination Field: Fort Magruder
Select your arrival and departure dates.
Event Dates: October 24·27, 2019

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